arriazu: activismo de mercado* + trabajo*

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  1. L’exode du monde du travail par choix concerne aujourd’hui ceux qui ont déjà toutes les cartes en main, notamment le diplôme et l’expérience. Mais il y a de plus en plus de chômeurs et la tendance n’est pas près de s’inverser. Donc par choix ou par nécessité, la population hors du salariat s’étoffe et se diversifie. Comment le monde de demain s’adapte à cette population éclatée ? Ces chômeurs entrepreneurs, travailleurs à la demande, freelance, travailleurs pauvres… La tendance naturelle de l’Etat bureaucratique est de créer un statut et une protection sociale par catégorie, ce qui est exactement l’inverse du principe de solidarité horizontale. Il faut faire violence à ce désir de fragmentation, qui précipiterait nos démocraties vers le chaos. Au contraire, la solution est à chercher du côté d’une protection qui prenne en compte les nouvelles inégalités et les nouvelles formes de travail et assure à tout le monde un niveau de protection équitable. Une nouvelle forme de justice sociale, en somme.
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  4. Bob black: El trabajo es la fuente de casi toda la miseria en el mundo. Casi todos los males que puedas mencionar provienen del trabajo, o de vivir en un mundo diseñado para el trabajo. Para dejar de sufrir, tenemos que dejar de trabajar.

    Michel Foucault que sostenían que “las cárceles y las fábricas surgieron casi a la vez, y sus operadores copiaron conscientemente las técnicas de control de unas y otras”.
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  6. Crichton’s argument goes like this: The on-demand economy, embodied by services like Uber and TaskRabbit, puts workers “fundamentally in control of their economic lives” because they can choose their working hours and therefore “develop their own personalities and brands.” Algorithms could “provide a vastly improved market for work… more convenient, safe and lucrative,” thus finally obsoleting not only labor unions, but also employment laws.

    Per Crichton’s piece, the improvements come mainly in terms of flexibility, which used to be “the exclusive preserve of elite talent” – not only does this have benefits of convenience, but health too, because “control over one’s work” reduces stress and “can literally extend a worker’s life expectancy.”

    TravelUnions, meanwhile, were previously useful for establishing a model of full-time employment with benefits such as leave and pensions. However, the new generation want “passion careers” where they can mix “cooking, Egyptian hieroglyphic travel blogging, and some regression analysis of health data,” and are more interested in fun than higher salaries. This is because they’re not as materialistic as those full-employment fogies.

    And what about workers’ rights? Well, if Uber doesn’t pay enough then drivers can and will move to competitors that “pay better or offer a superior work environment.” Algorithms will “compete against each other for talent.” In the light of all this innovation, it’s “disappointing” that unions are trying to perpetuate “old modes of work.”

    However, the workers themselves need to have a say in how this new world develops. The idea that a handful of platforms operating on razor-thin margins will create an equitable world for their workers — that algorithms written by the employers will protect workers’ rights better than the workers themselves and their elected representatives could — would be funny if the reality of this model weren’t so outright terrifying.

    Ultimately, if work is to truly benefit the worker, she needs to have a voice and real clout. Maybe the traditional union model and traditional labor laws won’t provide that, but the underlying goals of that model and those laws — to make sure employers can’t exploit employees — must be central to this brave new world of work. We just need new ways of achieving this, not to stop trying
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